Table of Contents

ZooKeeper

Druid uses ZooKeeper (ZK) for management of current cluster state. The operations that happen over ZK are

  1. Coordinator leader election
  2. Segment "publishing" protocol from Historical and Realtime
  3. Segment load/drop protocol between Coordinator and Historical
  4. Overlord leader election
  5. Indexing Service task management

Coordinator Leader Election

We use the Curator LeadershipLatch recipe to do leader election at path

${druid.zk.paths.coordinatorPath}/_COORDINATOR

Segment "publishing" protocol from Historical and Realtime

The announcementsPath and servedSegmentsPath are used for this.

All Historical and Realtime nodes publish themselves on the announcementsPath, specifically, they will create an ephemeral znode at

${druid.zk.paths.announcementsPath}/${druid.host}

Which signifies that they exist. They will also subsequently create a permanent znode at

${druid.zk.paths.servedSegmentsPath}/${druid.host}

And as they load up segments, they will attach ephemeral znodes that look like

${druid.zk.paths.servedSegmentsPath}/${druid.host}/_segment_identifier_

Nodes like the Coordinator and Broker can then watch these paths to see which nodes are currently serving which segments.

Segment load/drop protocol between Coordinator and Historical

The loadQueuePath is used for this.

When the Coordinator decides that a Historical node should load or drop a segment, it writes an ephemeral znode to

${druid.zk.paths.loadQueuePath}/_host_of_historical_node/_segment_identifier

This node will contain a payload that indicates to the historical node what it should do with the given segment. When the historical node is done with the work, it will delete the znode in order to signify to the Coordinator that it is complete.